Glossary

B

Broad-Spectrum

Broad-spectrum CBD comprises only naturally occurring elements of the cannabis plant. It is one of the 3 main types of CBD, with the others being full-spectrum and Pure CBD. Broad-spectrum contains minute traces of THC. It also has traces of other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and essential oils.

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C

Cannabacitran (CBT)

CBT is short for cannabacitran. It is a cannabinoid that is found in relatively small dosages within the hemp plant. It works in conjunction with the other cannabinoids to provide a variety of benefits to consumers.

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Cannabichromene (CBC)

CBC is short for cannabichromene. It stems from cannabigerolic acid and like other cannabinoids and extracts is reported to have many natural benefits.

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Cannabidiol (CBD)

Cannabidiol is abbreviated to CBD. It is one of the numerous cannabinoids that is extracted from the hemp plant in order to produce CBD oil. It is naturally occurring and has been found to have many potential benefits and uses.

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Cannabidivarin (CBDV)

Cannabidivarin, or CBDV for short, is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid found in hemp extracts and formulations. It is similar in structure to CBD, but with a shortened side-chain structure.

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Cannabigerol (CBG)

Cannabigerol, or CBG, is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in CBD extracts. It is the parent molecule from which many other cannabinoids are derived earning it the nickname: the mother of all cannabinoids.

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Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring composites found within the hemp plant. There are many different cannabinoids found within the plant, each with different structural makeup and a range of potential benefits and uses.

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CBCA

CBCA shares many chemical similarities with CBC but it is specifically categorized as a cannabinoid acid. This means that it exerts slightly different effects on the body to CBC.

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CBDA

CBDA is the chemical makeup of the molecule before it is transformed into CBD. Its molecular structure makes it difficult to isolate therefore it is most commonly found in tinctures, creams and juices.

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CBGA

CBGA is the molecule that exists before heat and light are added to create CBG. It is an essential element in the creation of numerous cannabinoids and it is believed to deliver numerous health benefits.

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E

Entourage Effect

The entourage effect is a suggestion that the combination of different cannabinoids, terpenes and composites work together to maximise the potential benefits of CBD products.

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Ethics

Ethics dictate the moral viewpoints and principles that determine the behaviour and decision making of a company or individual.

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F

Full-spectrum

Full-spectrum CBD oil is an extract with high concentrations of CBD. It also has traces of other cannabinoids, terpenes, essential oils, as well as small quantities of THC.

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H

Heavy metals

Heavy metals are both naturally occurring elements and human contaminants that are found in the environment. Overexposure to these contaminants can be harmful so it is crucial to monitor the level of heavy metals in all products.

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Hemp

Hemp is a unique variety of the Cannabis plant and is grown for many specific uses. It is a versatile plant that has enormous potential and it is used to make a large number of products. Find out more about hemp here.

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I

Isolate

CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD. It is carefully extracted to allow users to benefit from Pure CBD without any of the other naturally occurring cannabinoids or compounds.

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M

Minerals

A mineral is a naturally occurring substance found in the earth. Minerals are an essential part of healthy living and should form part of a balanced diet.

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O

Omegas

Omegas or omega oils are a type of polyunsaturated fat that have been proven to provide numerous health benefits.

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Organic

Organically produced plants are those that are typically produced without artificial pesticides or fertilizers. An organic product should only contain organically grown substances.

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P

Pesticides

A pesticide is a substance that is sprayed onto a crop to destroy pests and assist growth.

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Petroleum-free

Petroleum-free means that a product does not contain any of the damaging hydrocarbons that are derived from petroleum.

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Phytocannabinoids

Cannabinoids that are created by a plant are actually called phytocannabinoids. The ‘phyto’ signifies that these naturally occurring elements have been produced by a process involving sunlight.

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Psychotropic

The term psychotropic describes any substance that affects mood or behaviour. It is a commonly misused term and not to be confused with psychoactive: a term to describe a drug that affects the function of the brain.

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Purification

Purification is the process of extracting CBD from its source elements. There are different levels and stages of purification depending on the CBD product.

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S

Sustainability

Operating sustainably involves taking responsibility for the future. It requires a company to consider the environmental, social, and economical consequences of its actions.

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T

Terpenes

Terpenes are a naturally occurring element found within in nature and Cannabis is often rich in terpenes. They play an important role in the way the cannabinoids and other elements of CBD react with one another. They are also responsible for the unique aroma and taste present within the different EthicaCBD products.

Find out more about terpenes in our knowledge base article here.

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THC

THC is a cannabinoid found within the cannabis plant. It is the main psychoactive element of the plant and when consumed in certain quantities will make the user ‘high’.

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Tincture

A tincture is generally a description of an oil or other liquid in bottle with a dropper.

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Topical

A CBD topical is a lotion or cream that has been infused with CBD, allowing the user to experience the benefits of CBD directly onto the skin.

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V

Vegan

A vegan is someone who chooses not to eat any food that originates from animals. A vegan typically refrains from using other animal products.

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Vitamins

Vitamins describe the group of essential organic compounds which are essential for healthy growth and nutritional balance.

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W

Whole Plant

Whole-plant CBD includes all of the elements extracted from the hemp plant. During the extraction process the potentially beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes, and oils are allowed to remain.

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